100 Facts Volcanoes – Bitesized Facts & Awesome Images to Support KS2 Learning

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100 Facts Volcanoes – Bitesized Facts & Awesome Images to Support KS2 Learning

100 Facts Volcanoes – Bitesized Facts & Awesome Images to Support KS2 Learning

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Examples of these kinds of volcanoes include Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 79AD and destroyed several settlements including Pompeii, and Mount St.Molten lava is quickly placed in a bucket of water to "freeze" the growth of minerals for chemical and microscopic analyses. Sometimes volcanoes build up pressure as the magma emerging from inside the Earth pushes upwards, and this can cause volcanoes to explode with great force. They are tiny pieces of highly vesicular dark-colored volcanic rock and clastic rocks made of rock fragments created by explosive volcanism.

of these active volcanoes have been officially labelled as a high threat due to their internal activity and proximity to large populations of people. The study of volcanoes and their products is known as volcanology, but these phenomena are not the realm of any single scientific discipline. A volcanic eruption can send ash high into the air, sometimes over 17 miles above the Earth’s surface. The author, politician, judge, and magistrate of Ancient Rome, ‘Pliny the Younger’ witnessed volcanic lightning in the sky from as early as 79 AD, during the eruption of Mount Vesuvius.We now know that, directly or indirectly, plate tectonics influences nearly all geologic processes, past and present. To illustrate thoroughly how loud can a volcanic explosion can be, humans, in general, can tolerate up to 130 decibels. Formed from various kinds of eruptions, the best examples of composite volcanoes are Japan’s Mount Fuji and Italy’s Stromboli.

A volcano is an opening in the Earth’s crust that allows molten rock, gases, and debris to escape to the surface. Kilauea erupted 200 years ago, sending speeding lava flows down its peaks and killing more than 400 people, including Hawaiian warriors. Instead, heat is transferred from Earth’s interior largely by convection—that is, the partial melting of Earth’s crust and mantle and the buoyant rise of magma to the surface. Volcanoes are not generally found at strike-slip zones, where two plates slide laterally past each other. Gaseous emissions from volcanic vents over hundreds of millions of years formed the Earth's earliest oceans and atmosphere, which supplied the ingredients vital to evolve and sustain life.Then, when children are a bit more familiar with the different parts of a volcano, hand out this Volcanoes Labelling Activity, where they need to cut and paste the labels onto the correct parts of the volcano, to test how much they have learnt! When a collision between two of Earth’s tectonic plates occurs, the friction created by the plates’ movement produces magma. A volcano has three categories to fall under: Extinct (was a volcano but will never erupt again or is not expected), Dormant (has not erupted in thousands of years but is likely to erupt again), Active (has the potential to erupt at any stage or has erupted since the last ice age). The pressure causes gases and rock to shoot up through the opening and spill over with lava fragments. The lava isn’t the only issue, as the volcanic ash can also have serious repercussions for anyone living nearby.

Ash, mudflows, and lava flows can devastate communities near volcanoes and cause havoc in areas far downwind, downstream, and downslope.Facts Volcanoes includes key topics about powerful and dangerous volcanoes in easily-digestible, numbered facts. Earthquakes, flash floods, landslides, debris and mudflow (lahar), or acid rain may happen at the same time as a volcanic eruption. Hot spot” volcanoes may form where plumes of lava rise from deep within the mantle to Earth's crust far from any plate margins.

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