NTG Shockproof Designed for iPhone 11 Case [2 Layer Structure Protection] [Military Grade Anti-Drop] Lightweight Shockproof Protective Phone Case for iPhone 11 6.1 inch, Red

£3.495
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NTG Shockproof Designed for iPhone 11 Case [2 Layer Structure Protection] [Military Grade Anti-Drop] Lightweight Shockproof Protective Phone Case for iPhone 11 6.1 inch, Red

NTG Shockproof Designed for iPhone 11 Case [2 Layer Structure Protection] [Military Grade Anti-Drop] Lightweight Shockproof Protective Phone Case for iPhone 11 6.1 inch, Red

RRP: £6.99
Price: £3.495
£3.495 FREE Shipping

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Description

Von Thun Und Hohenstein-Blaul, N.; Bell, K.; Pfeiffer, N.; Grus, F.H. Autoimmune aspects in glaucoma. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 2016, 787, 105–118. [ Google Scholar] [ CrossRef] [ PubMed]

Shin, J.W.; Jo, Y.H.; Song, M.K.; Won, H.J.; Kook, M.S. Nocturnal blood pressure dip and parapapillary choroidal microvasculature dropout in normal-tension glaucoma. Sci. Rep. 2021, 11, 206. [ Google Scholar] [ CrossRef] Sakata, R.; Yoshitomi, T.; Iwase, A.; Matsumoto, C.; Higashide, T.; Shirakashi, M.; Aihara, M.; Sugiyama, K.; Araie, M.; Lower Normal Pressure Glaucoma Study Members in Japan Glaucoma Society. Factors Associated with Progression of Japanese Open-Angle Glaucoma with Lower Normal Intraocular Pressure. Ophthalmology 2019, 126, 1107–1116. [ Google Scholar] [ CrossRef] [ PubMed] Delaney Y, Walshe TE, O’Brien C. Vasospasm in glaucoma: clinical and laboratory aspects. Optom Vis Sci. 2006;83(7):406–14.

Author Contributions

Fan N, Wang P, Tang L, Liu X. Ocular blood flow and normal tension glaucoma. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:308505. Arslan C, Altan H, Tanrıverdi S, Demirbaş M, Topçu K, Bozkurt AK: Investigation of eye involvement in Buerger’s disease. Turk J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009, 17 (3): 179-181. In unilateral NTG, the mean MD in patients with positive MRI results did not differ significantly from patients with negative results (-10.45 dB vs. -8.08 dB; ). 4. Discussion Normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) is a chronic neuropathy characterized by progressive change in the optic nerve head and subsequent visual field defects. The pathophysiology of NTG is complex and multifactorial. Intraocular pressure (IOP) is within statistical limits of normal (10–21 mmHg) however the level of IOP is a risk factor for progression 1. Other potential risk factors have been identified including familial history, ethnicity, females, and vascular dysregulation 2, 3, 4.

Moore D, Harris A, Wudunn D, Kheradiya N, Siesky B. Dysfunctional regulation of ocular blood flow: a risk factor for glaucoma? Clin Ophthalmol. 2008;2(4):849–61. Ahmad, S.S. Coenzyme Q and its role in glaucoma. Saudi J. Ophthalmol. 2020, 34, 45–49. [ Google Scholar] [ CrossRef] Krupin, T.; Liebmann, J.M.; Greenfield, D.S.; Ritch, R.; Gardiner, S.; Low-Pressure Glaucoma Study Group. A randomized trial of brimonidine versus timolol in preserving visual function: Results from the Low-Pressure Glaucoma Treatment Study. Am. J. Ophthalmol. 2011, 151, 671–681, Erratum in Am. J. Ophthalmol. 2011, 151, 1108. [ Google Scholar] [ CrossRef] Xu, C.; Li, J.; Li, Z.; Mao, X. Migraine as a risk factor for primary open angle glaucoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Med. Baltim. 2018, 97, e11377. [ Google Scholar] [ CrossRef] Normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) is a form of primary open-angle glaucoma with intraocular pressure (IOP) never exceeding 21 mmHg. In this form of the disease, IOP may not be the main causative factor and different theories explaining the pathogenesis are postulated [ 1– 6].

Footnotes

Moore D, Harris A, Wudunn D, Kheradiya N, Siesky B: Dysfunctional regulation of ocular blood flow: A risk factor for glaucoma?. Clin Ophthalmol. 2008, 2 (4): 849-861. Szumny, D.; Szeląg, A. The influence of new beta-adrenolytics nebivolol and carvedilol on intraocular pressure and iris blood flow in rabbits. Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 2014, 252, 917–923. [ Google Scholar] [ CrossRef] [ PubMed] Adeghate, J.; Rahmatnejad, K.; Waisbourd, M.; Katz, L.J. Intraocular pressure-independent management of normal tension glaucoma. Surv. Ophthalmol. 2019, 64, 101–110. [ Google Scholar] [ CrossRef] [ PubMed]



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